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GM28125

Charles II 1683 Five-Guineas, date with 3 struck over 2, second head

Charles II (1660-85), gold Five Guineas, 1683, 3 struck over 2, second laureate head right, Latin legend and toothed border surrounding, CAROLVS. II. DEI. GRATIA, rev. crowned cruciform shields, six strings to Irish harp, sceptres in angles, four interlinked Cs at centre, date either side of top crown, Latin legend and toothed border surrounding, MAG. BR. FRA. ET. HIB REX., edge inscribed in Latin raised letters, .+ DECVS.ET. TVTAMEN. ANNO. REGNI. TRICESIMO. QVINTO. +, weight 41.62g (Schneider -; Bull EGC 200; MCE 27; S.3331). Once cleaned, now lightly toned, semi-circular patch of abrasion at rim above bust, scratch on neck, further hairline scratch on reverse with other surface marks, otherwise a bold very fine.

"The Rarity of Five Guinea Pieces - An Analysis" appeared in the preface of the Samuel King Collection of Highly Important English Gold Coins sold at Spink on 5th May 2005 co-written by the present cataloguer. The analysis showed that over a 45-year period preceding 2005, since 1960 that 55 examples of the Five Guineas dated 1683 plain below bust had been bought or sold in numismatic commerce, which put it in 5th place amongst the Charles II dates most frequently traded. Though it was not possible to break this down between overdate and straight date. This demonstrates some degree of good survival from that period when the King Analysis figures are compared to gold outputs of the reign of Charles II as there was only £369,317 worth of gold struck in the calendar year 1682 which is the third largest output of the reign. Though of course we do not know how the output would be broken down between the gold denominations nor how long a date on a coin die would have lasted into a following calendar year.

The abbreviated Latin legends translate as on the obverse "Charles by the Grace of God," and on the reverse as "King of Great Britain, France and Ireland"; additionally on the edge as "An ornament and a safeguard, in the 35th year of the reign." The edge years for Charles II were counted as if he had reigned since the death of his Father Charles I in 1649.

Provenance:

Ex Dr Rolf Baumhauer, British gold Collection, Auction 79, 24th October 2022, lot 1173.

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