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BM03255

Charles I Richmond Farthing uncut square mm rose

Charles I (1625-49), copper Richmond Farthing on uncut square flan, Peck type 1g (1632-34), crown over crossed sceptres, Latin legend and outer beaded border surrounding both sides, initial mark rose at top, CARO; D; G; MAG; BRI, rev. crowned harp with six strings, FRA; ET HIB; REX, weight 1.04g (Peck 204 type 1g; N.2278; S.3187A type 6). Toned, struck a little off-centre otherwise a bold very fine, very rare.

The abbreviated Latin legends translate as on the obverse "Charles by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain" continuing on the reverse "France and Ireland."

Lady Frances Howard, Dowager Duchess of Richmond, seemingly the richest woman in England at her death in 1639 aged 61, jointly held the patent with Sir Francis Crane for Farthing coinage when Charles I came to the throne. The issue of these Farthings is associated with her name until she passes the patent on to her niece's husband Lord Maltravers in 1631.

Provenance:

Ex Spink Numismatic Circular, December 2007, item HS3288.

This coin illustrated in "Coinage and Currency in Eighteenth Century Britain, The Provincial Coinage" by David W Dykes, page 13, number 18c.

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