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FM18489

Edward III Quarter-Noble, Treaty period, Calais Mint, cross over shield

Edward III (1327-1377), gold Quarter-Noble of one shilling and eight pence, Calais Mint, weight 1.81 grams of 23.3 carat gold, Made in France

The abbreviated Latin legends translate as on the obverse "Edward by the Grace of God, King of England," and on the reverse "He shall be exalted in glory," a Psalm from the Bible.

This coin I of the "Treaty" period referring to the Treaty of Bretigny which was signed at Calais in October 1360 when Edward surrendered the claim to the French throne and the title was removed from the coinage and the Lord of Aquitaine title inserted in its place.

The Treaty period in turn divides into two classes, the later of which the coin offered herewith belongs as the Transitional Treaty period, and the true Treaty period, subsequently followed by the Post Treaty thereafter. It is thought that the Treaty coins begin with the opening of an additional British mint at Calais on the French mainland from 20th February 1363 from where this coin emanates with the cross above the shield. The Calais mint output of gold for the Treaty period from its opening in 1363 to August of 1368 totals some £282,000 worth.

Provenance:

Ex Isladucie Collection, Spink Coin Auction, 27th June 2019, lot 40.

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