Charles I 1643 Oxford Half-Pound

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Charles I 1643 Oxford Half-Pound

Charles I (1625-49), silver Half Pound of Ten Shillings, 1643, Oxford Mint, armoured King on horseback left, crowned holding sword, riding over arms and militaria, Oxford plume in field behind, Latin legend and beaded borders surrounding, initial mark Oxford plume, CAROLVS: D: G: MAGN: BRIT: FRAN: ET: HIB: REX., rev. Latin Declaration in two lines at centre between ruled lines RELIG: PROT: LEG / ANG: LIBER: PAR, three Oxford plumes above, over value .X., date below, Latin legend and beaded borders surrounding, initial mark four pellets, EXVRGAT: DEVS: DISSIPENTVR: INIMICI, weight 60.36g (Brooker Appendix 1, no. 15; Morrieson A-1; N.2404; S.2945A). Lightly tooled in fields both sides with associated surface marks, a bold portrait of King and horse, otherwise toned, extremely fine.

The abbreviated obverse legend translates as "Charles, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland. The abbreviated reverse Declaration translates as "The religion of the Protestants, the Laws of England, the Liberty of Parliament". The outer reverse legend translates as "Let God arise and let his enemies be scattered"

 

This silver Ten Shillings or Half-Pound was struck at the Oxford Mint where Charles I had moved his capital from London after the Battle of Edgehill, to the Royalist Universities of the City of Oxford, where he made a state entrance on 29th October 1642. The King lived at Christ Church, with the Queen installed at Merton; the Royalist Parliament met in the Upper Schools and Great Convocation House; the Privy Council at Oriel; and the Mint worked at New Inn Hall from the 3rd January 1642/3.

 

Provenance:
Believed to have been in the collection of Benjamin Disraeli, Lord Beaconsfield (1804-81), twice Prime Minister of Great Britain, 1868 and 1874-80.

Ex Spink Numismatic Circular, April 1954, item 3407.

Ex N. Asherson collection, Spink Coin Auction 6, 10-11 October 1979, lot 57.

Ex Property of a Gentleman, Spink Coin Auction 202, 25th March 2010, lot 83.

Ex A H Baldwin, Fixed Price List, Summer 2014, item BH109.

BM02536

£9,500
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